Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particles

Code 9.4.3051.7
Semester 7th
Flow F - Physics
Category Obligatory by selection
Credits 4
Class Hours - Lab Hours 2 - 2
Lecturers Evangelos Gazis (School of AMPS), Αλεξόπουλος Θεόδωρος,


Nuclear Physics: Cross section definition, Rutherford scattering. Interactions. Atomic nucleus properties (size, mass and shape). Beta decay, valley of stability. Nuclear magnetic properties. Nuclear structure, magic numbers and shell model. Nuclear angular momentum and spin. Alpha decay, tunnel effect, fission, energy states. Nuclear excitation energy states and de-excitation via gamma ray emission. Nuclear reactions.
Elementary Particle Physics: Introduction to the elementary particles. History of elementary particles. International unit system. Relativistic kinematics, four-vectors definition. Elementary particles properties and classification. Feynman diagrams. Law of conservation and symmetries. Definition of space inversion, charge conjugation, time reversal, Isotopic spin. Fundamental model of quarks. Fundamental interactions: electromagnetic, weak and strong. Standard model. Electromagnetic and weak interactions unification. Higgs mechanism.
Laboratory Exercises: Quantum effect exercises of Nuclear and Particle physics at the NTUA Physics Laboratory: Measurement of the activity and life time of the isotope 40K, measurement of the cosmic muon life time.